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How to do inventory management enterprise

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First, the stock and zero inventory 1. The so-called inventory, objectively speaking, the enterprises for the future sale or use of the reserve materials, including raw materials, semi-finished and finished products, such as different forms. Defined by management, inventory is "any item of economic value of the stagnation and storage", and its main role is to effectively ease the contradiction between supply and demand, so that production as uniform as possible. Inventory of the national economy is an important factor in the operation and development. Practice shows that stock will be reasonable to promote the efficient functioning of the economy, on the contrary, inventory unreasonable, such as inventory too scattered, such as inventory backlog, it will block the rapid economic development. 2. The meaning of zero inventory and its role in the enterprise Zero inventory concept is a special kind of inventory, zero inventory reserves and do not mean that there is no reserve. The so-called zero inventory means materials (including raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods) in the procurement, production, sales, distribution and other operational aspects of one or a few, do not exist in the form to the warehouse store, but all is in working state . It does not refer to or the warehousing of certain goods in the form of a number of real zero of storage, but inventory control through the implementation of specific strategies to achieve the minimum of inventory. Proposed zero inventory inventory management can solve part of waste, enterprises achieve zero inventory management, reduce inventory management costs, reduce inventory occupation of funds, without having to warehouse stock range of issues. Enterprises to achieve zero inventory management, optimization receivable and accounts payable, accelerate cash flow. Zero inventory strategy for reducing the supply of raw materials, time, and reduce the occurrence of major accidents, so the inventory management can shorten the production cycle, to avoid changes in the market and product prices resulting from upgrading, risk of poor sales. Second, the development of zero inventory management Inventory management as a generator of advanced management methods in Japan, in Japanese companies has a wide range of applications. As of 1989, zero inventory management in Japanese manufacturing has been widely adopted. After several years of development, inventory management in Japan already has a supply, production and marketing of the Group of operations team, and formed a zero inventory management as the core of the supply chain. U.S. companies 80 years from the last century, began to gradually understand and know the inventory management theory. Now, from the initial management of inventory management to reduce inventory levels as a way to become rich content, including specific knowledge, technology, methods of management philosophy. Although the zero inventory in the U.S., Japan and Europe and many countries have been popularized, but it is seductive and full of risk, to achieve zero inventory can really depend on the specific conditions and circumstances, including suppliers, technology, products, customers and support their own decision-making, therefore, recommends that companies do the following: 1. Changing the concept of employees and establish a full understanding of the reduction of inventory. Before the implementation of inventory management company to deal with widespread publicity and education of all employees, professional employees for different targeted publicity. So that everyone understood the significance of the implementation of inventory management to form a good atmosphere for the implementation of zero inventory management. 2. Reasonable choice of suppliers, and supplier partnerships. Zero inventory require suppliers to the time required to provide high-quality raw materials, so the inventory of raw materials, suppliers of distance and transportation mode choice is the key factor. While focusing on long-term vendor partnerships, share information and work together to solve the problem, ensure the timely supply of orders. 3. To establish the concept of production set by the seller. Sales department is committed to expand its sales to the market, and ensure the stability of sales channels, while the production department must have a flexible response capabilities and to fully cooperate with the flexible modes of production sales departments, enabling businesses to more balanced production, which reduced Inventories are beneficial. 4. Strict reward and punishment system. In the inventory management system, enterprise production and management of all aspects of the production process ever-growing interdependence. Internal links of the whole operation a part of any errors, will cause the entire operation chain is disordered or even paralysis. And therefore should be strictly reward system, in order to protect the production and business activities smoothly. Third, the enterprise inventory management ways and means of implementation "Zero inventory" management: some kind of warehouse storage in the form of the number of items to "zero", that does not save the regular inventory, which is material to ensure adequate reserves under the premise of social, taken by way of a special supply. Current business practice "zero inventory" management, the specific implementation methods are: 1. No inventory reserves No inventory to maintain reserve reserve is still a matter of fact, but do not use stock in the form in order to achieve zero inventory. Some countries will not easily lost this war material as the noise of aluminum walls, roadblocks and other reserves of up to prepare for the event, no longer keep inventory in the warehouse is one example. 2. Entrusted custody of the goods warehousing and business Business Warehouse is a professional, a relatively high degree of social warehouse. Commissioned such a warehouse or storage of goods, logistics organization, from the face of it, is to be owned by the user store the goods at a relatively high degree of specialization of the warehouse, storage, and proxy user by the latter to send the goods in accordance with certain criteria the user to the trustees to pay service charges. Stored in this way and reserve goods, in general, users do not have too much reserve their own supplies, or even do not have to set up a separate warehouse in the maintenance of goods, storage and other activities, within a certain range can be carried out to achieve zero inventory and No stock-style production. 3. Collaboration sub-way Is a major manufacturer of industrial structure in the form, this form of flexible production in a number of enterprises on time supply, so that the supply of the main business inventory is zero, while the main focus on sales of corporate stock to a number of sub-sales service and sales companies inventory is zero. 4. By way of timely and adequate production Timely and appropriate mode of production, that is JIT (JustInTime) mode of production, that "in times of need. The amount necessary for production of the product." This is the Toyota production methods developed on the basis of an advanced management mode, which is a tool designed to eliminate all inefficiencies and achieve optimal allocation of corporate resources, improve economic efficiency of enterprises management. Kanban JIT mode of production method is a simple and effective way, also known as a summons card system or card system. Use of banners, the enterprise or between enterprises of the process or production enterprises and suppliers of card between the fixed format for the certificate, the next link in accordance with their own rhythm, reverse the direction of the production process, up a designated supply areas, the main purpose is to synchronize the supply chain planning under the coordination of the manufacturing planning, procurement planning, supply planning can proceed in parallel. In the specific operation, you can increase or decrease the number of Kanban to control inventory. 5. By order production In the driving mode of production, the enterprise only after receipt of customer orders to begin production, enterprises of all production activities are carried out according to purchase orders, manufacturing, distribution, storage is no longer a traditional warehouse stocks, and is the flow of goods in the process of a "hub" is a site logistics operations. Material is based on information requirements and the flow of orders, therefore virtually eliminating the slack from the material, which also eliminated the "inventory." 6. To exercise reasonable distribution methods In general, the case in the absence of buffer stocks, production and distribution operations are not allowed to be more sensitive to the delivery time. Whether it is production, or the finished products, logistics and distribution to some extent affect the inventory. Therefore, through the establishment of a sound logistics system, the implementation of a reasonable distribution method, the enterprise in a timely manner in accordance with the order and distribution of goods produced to the hands of users, in the process goods in transit through the transportation and distribution process, reduce inventory. Enterprises can use the standard mode of operation and zero inventory supply and distribution system in a reasonable transportation to achieve the items in storage, in order to achieve zero inventory. (1) a "multi-batch, small batch" approach to delivery of goods to customers Enterprises to focus on the needs of individual users, co-ordinating arrangements for the implementation of vehicle transportation, increasing the number of delivery and reduce the per user, per batch delivery, improve transport efficiency. Distribution companies can also goods to the shop and production lines, so that production enterprises showing a zero inventory status. (2) a centralized method of inventory and distribution of goods to the user Inventory methods by focusing on delivery of goods to customers, increase inventory and quantity of the commodity, the advantage of scale reduce unit production costs, while, in this guaranteed delivery service system to support the user's inventory will naturally become weakened. (3) using "instant delivery" and "on time delivery" approach to delivery of goods to the user In order to meet specific customer requirements. The way in distribution, corporate use of "instant delivery" and "on time delivery" approach to delivery of goods to the user. "Instant delivery" and "on time delivery" has a flexible delivery time, stability, availability, and other characteristics of elasticity, so as producers and operators, using this method can greatly reduce the pressure on the stock, even though the companies will choose to cancel the stock to achieve zero inventory. Zero inventory inventory management in today's era of the ideal state is the embodiment of the integrated management capabilities. The need to achieve zero inventory procurement, production, logistics, sales and other business activities linked together in the process of achieving zero inventory, there still exist some obstacles, zero inventory risks to the enterprise can not be ignored, the feasibility of more From the positive and negative aspects should be studied. Moreover, any management tools and technologies are a cost and price, as a wise business, must be less than the output of investment, as companies always have a profit to survive. Therefore, enterprises in the implementation of inventory management, you should think positively and improved, not blindly practice.