Inventory of Electronic Commerce Management

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A corporate common cause of the problem of excessive inventory 1. Is not required to form the overall supply chain management concept. Many supply chain management system has not addressed the overall supply chain performance evaluation, each node enterprise prevails, leading to the overall efficiency of the supply is low. 2. Information transfer system inefficient. Supply chain inventory management emphasis on collaboration and information sharing, supply chain needs of enterprises of all members of the forecast, inventory status, production plans, supply inventory management are important. Enterprises to respond quickly to customer demand for effective response to distributed real-time delivery and accurate enterprise information supply UAN. Asymmetric information between enterprises, due to lack of information exchange and sharing, companies can not grasp the real needs of the downstream and upstream supply capacity, had more than their own storage of goods. Many enterprise information delivery system has not been established, the supplier understand that customer information is often delayed or inaccurate information to enable the implementation of short-term difficulties in production planning, supply chain can not be achieved on the stock exchange of needed goods and transport allocation, only their respective holders with high inventory. 3. Supply chain uncertainty. The causes of supply chain inventory can be divided into two categories, one needs to establish manufacturing operations out of the general inventory, and the other is to guard against the uncertainties on the supply chain to establish the insurance stocks. Enterprises in developing the plan, not taking into account the impact of uncertainty, uncertainty is the main reason for enterprises to establish the insurance stocks. Research and track the impact of uncertainty on inventory supply chain management faces a big challenge. 4. Inventory imbalance. The traditional sales of general merchandise from suppliers will be sent to vendors, the stock still owned supplier of the responsibility, to be sold after the completion of the settlement, but by the distributors of goods control and scheduling. This leads to a general preference for vendors to increase the amount of the stock and order control, exacerbated by increasing demand orders. Second, e-commerce environment, the new features of inventory management 1. Management information. In today's rapidly changing markets, enterprises in the fierce competitive environment in order to obtain sustainable development, the most important thing is to grasp the user needs change and the competition Zhiyizhibi. The application of information technology supply chain system is to promote information sharing key information across the supply chain to improve the accuracy, timeliness and flow speed, is considered necessary to improve supply chain performance measures. An important enterprise content management strategy is to develop information support the supply chain platform to build enterprise supply chain information integration system. 2. Horizontal integration with the network. From the late 80s of last century, "horizontal integration" of supply chain thinking began to emerge, namely the use of corporate resources to respond quickly to external market demand, the companies focus only on the core things: product and market direction. "Horizontal integration" to form a manufacturer from the supplier to distributors and then to all the companies throughout the "chain"; the use of modern information technology to transform and integrate business processes with suppliers and customers to establish collaborative business partner alliances . 3. The production and operation of agile flexible. Global market competition, individual enterprises has been difficult to rely on their own resources for self-adjustment, in the last century, the United States put forward a dynamic virtual enterprise based on the alliance or agile manufacturing model. Agile manufacturing is facing fierce competition of globalization buyer's market, the use of quick reconstruction of the production unit consisting of a flat organizational structure, to fully autonomous, work together instead of distributed multi-tier management structure of the pyramid, pay attention to people creative, change the production of competition between enterprises as a "win-win" relationship, emphasizing openness and information sharing, integrated virtual enterprise, the rise of e-commerce for the realization of agile manufacturing possible. 4. Logistics systematic and professional. Earlier in enterprise management, logistics support functions as a business activity exists, does not in itself constitute an important area of business management, the business management are often scattered, with no overall coordination and unified control. In the age of electronic commerce, logistics, business rose to an important part of their operations directly determine the performance of the overall completion of the transaction and the level of service, especially in logistics information for businesses to grasp the flow of market demand and commodity plays an important role in logistics activities must be integrated together, the systematic management. In that request, people use the system of scientific ideas and methods to establish the logistics system, including social and business logistics systems logistics system to make from the full range of logistics activities to the whole process, get depth of management and coordination. Third, e-commerce enterprises under management, "zero inventory" management approach 1. Distribution methods. Distribution method is based on the characteristics of e-commerce, logistics and distribution system of the unified information management and scheduling, in accordance with the purchase order is required, the logistics base for cargo handling work, and sent to the purchaser with a good cargo of a logistics way. This advanced, optimizing the flow of ways to effectively reduce logistics costs, optimize inventory allocation, ensure timely supply, to enable enterprises to achieve "zero inventory." Modern logistics distribution approach as an effective organization, represents the main direction of modern marketing, the network economy the most development potential and economic benefits of the material supply system. According to production needs, for some materials to implement the distribution system, according to the actual needs of production units, the material directly to the first production site, the implementation of procurement, sends the material integration, significant savings in the storage of supplies, transportation costs and make production urgently needed supplies to further close to the site to ensure a stable and efficient production. 2. Bailment way. Through certain procedures, the company owned by the specialized company supplies kept by the company to the trustees pay a hosting fee, so that enterprises no longer keep inventory and achieve "zero inventory." This "zero inventory" form of advantages: the trustees use their professional position to achieve a higher level and lower inventory management costs, enterprises are no longer set library, minus the large number of warehouse and inventory management services and concentrate in the production and management. This "zero inventory" approach is mainly achieved by the stock transfer, does not make the total inventory reduction, which is mainly applied to the material needs professional care. 3. Immediate supply system. In real-time supply system, businesses can purchase at any time request to take the number of how many ways to purchase, the supplier's inventory with their own supply system to undertake immediate and effective supply of responsibility, so the purchaser to achieve "zero inventory", appropriate in the form of this supply to achieve "zero inventory" tools and materials are mainly standard parts. This supply system on the information environment are higher, and requires both supply and demand business system is fully automated, integrated end-to way to embody the advantages of this inventory. The long term, e-commerce inventory management with suppliers will become the mode of combining the development of future business trends. Most of the enterprises in China lack of customer demand for systems consolidation, the lack of "customer first" principle of network transactions. Help them establish the concept of Vendor Managed Inventory, the State Government should actively organizing various seminars, business training should be actively carried out various promotional activities so that employees truly understand e-commerce and enterprise vendor inventory management ideas. Vendor Managed Inventory is the key to manufacturers and retailers as a whole, this is undoubtedly a challenge for Chinese enterprises. Especially in e-commerce environment, companies need to uphold the integrity management, community to strengthen the credit control. In recent years, various e-commerce industry certification centers have been established, and safety standards, digital signatures and other related core technologies has been unprecedented attention, e-commerce security issues that have hindered its widespread application is still the biggest factor. Only further strengthen the development and construction of network security technology in order to encourage more enterprises to participate in the network transaction, more large-scale supply chain management to promote the use and development. At the same time, a sound legal system, but also suppliers and retailers to protect their legitimate rights and interests, to ensure effective supply chain management and high-quality, increase economic benefits.